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吉林快3三天走势图—官方网址22270.COM_2019年英语专业八级真题听力 Interview(2)

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M: Cyndie, you've been doing research on disciplinary literacy for about 20 years now.

男:辛蒂,到现在为止,你已经研究学科素养大概20年了。
In that time, you've probably been asked just about everything possible.
吉林快3三天走势图—官方网址22270.COM在这段时间里,你广东快三app免费下载—官方网址22270.COM能被问到各种广东快三app免费下载—官方网址22270.COM能问到的问题。
What question comes up most often these days?
这些天里,哪个问题是最常问的?
W: That's easy. We're doing better convincing teachers that disciplinary literacy is worth teaching,
女:这很容易。我们在说服老师“学科素养是很值得教的”这一点上做得更好了,
but they still are hesitant about their students' reactions.
但他们依然对学生的反应持犹豫的态度。
A teacher said to me recently, "I have enough trouble getting my kids to read a textbook chapter. How would I ever motivate them to read in a disciplinary way?"
最近,有一个老师和我说:“我很难让我的学生们阅读教材的一个章节。我怎么用学科的方式来激励他们呢?”
M: Is that a real question or is it just a mask for teacher resistance?
男:这是一个真实的问题还是教师抗拒的掩饰?
W: I think it's a real question, and in fact, it's also our biggest problem, because many teachers still don't understand the distinctions between content area reading and disciplinary literacy.
女:我认为这是一个真实的问题,事实上,这也是我们最大的问题所在,因为许多老师仍然不明白内容区域阅读和学科素养的区别。
M: What is disciplinary literacy anyway? You said that's different.
男:那什么是学科素养?你说那是不同的。
W: Disciplinary literacy doesn't promise to make someone a better student.
吉林快3三天走势图—官方网址22270.COM女:学科素养不会保证让一个人成为更好的学生。
It invites students to join the disciplinary field itself.
它邀请学生加入学科领域。
It's a kind of invitation to join a club.
它是一种加入俱乐部的邀请函。
M: Does it mean it invites students to join the "history club" by reading like a historian or the "science club" by reading like a scientist.
男:这是否意味着通过像历史学家一样阅读来邀请学生加入“历史俱乐部”,或是通过像科学家一样阅读来邀请学生加入“科学俱乐部”。
W: Right, but it goes beyond that. It says, "We want you to join us. We want to share with you our cognitive secrets, our way of thinking about the world, and how we solve problems.
女:是的,但它不止这些。它表示:“我们想让你加入我们。我们想与你分享我们的认知秘密、我们是如何看待这个世界以及如何解决问题的。
We want to count you as one of us." In doing that, it both holds out the promise of affiliation, connecting with others is a big motivator,
我们想把你算作我们的一员。”这样做的话,它会遵守入会的承诺,与别人联系正是一个很大的动力,
and the promise of greater competency with challenging tasks -- not competency in being a kid or a student,
而且会遵守承诺,让你拥有更强的能力来应对具有挑战性的任务——不是作为一个孩子或学生的能力,
but competency in being successful with the kinds of things that adults do.
而是能够成功应对成年人所做事情的能力。
M: What about assessment? How do we test disciplinary literacy?
男:那评估呢?我们如何测试学科素养呢?
W: There aren't any standardized disciplinary reading or writing tests yet,
女:目前还没有任何学科阅读或写作的标准化测试,
but one can easily imagine how classroom assessments could change in the future as instruction becomes more disciplinary in focus.
但你很容易就能想象得到,随着教学更加关注学科,课堂评估在未来会发生怎样的改变。
M: Past assessments in history, literature, or science have aimed to find out if students had mastered particular information.
吉林快3三天走势图—官方网址22270.COM男:过去对历史、文学或科学的评估都致力于了解学生是否掌握了某个具体的信息。
Questions about content would certainly still have a place in disciplinary literacy since knowledge matters in disciplinary literacy too.
吉林快3三天走势图—官方网址22270.COM关于内容的问题一定依然在学科素养里留有一席之地,因为知识在学科素养里也很重要。
But what would a more disciplinary assessment look like?
但一个更侧重于学科的评估是什么样子的?
W: I think a more disciplinary assessment would seek to find out whether students are interpreting such information in a sophisticated way according to the traditions of that discipline.
吉林快3三天走势图—官方网址22270.COM女:我认为一个更侧重于学科的评估会考查学生是否能根据该学科的传统,用更深刻的方法解释这些信息。
For example, a disciplinary test in history might ask not only what we know about a historical event,
比如,一个历史学科测试广东快三app免费下载—官方网址22270.COM能不单单会问“我们知道一个历史事件的哪些知识”,
but how we know about it -- students would be questioned about the source of the information, the reliability of the source, and how the information matches with information from other sources.
还会问我们是怎么知道的——学生会被问到信息的来源和广东快三app免费下载—官方网址22270.COM靠性,以及这个信息是如何与其他来源的信息相匹配的。
In cases where the information is contradictory, the assessment might ask students to determine whose account was more credible, requiring students to weigh evidence using the same kinds of criteria that historians use.
吉林快3三天走势图—官方网址22270.COM如果信息是矛盾的,评估会让学生判断哪个描述是更为广东快三app免费下载—官方网址22270.COM信的,这要求学生用历史学家使用的判断标准来权衡证据。
M: Uhmm. That sounds interesting.
男:嗯。听起来很有趣。
W: Or a literature assessment might ask students to engage in deeper interpretation than in the past.
女:一个文学评估广东快三app免费下载—官方网址22270.COM能会让学生做出比过去更为深刻的解读。
Instead of asking about the theme of a story, for example, an assessment might ask students to determine alternative themes and to decide --
例如,评估不会问故事的主题,而会让学生从中选择一个主题——
based on text evidence -- which one the author seemed most sympathetic to.
基于文章中的证据——哪一个是作者最为赞同的。
In other words, it would ask the student to participate in the reading more as a literary critic than a student.
换句话说,它会让学生从文学评论家的角度来参与阅读,而不是从学生的角度。
M: How should we prepare teachers to teach disciplinary literacy in teacher training institutions?
男:那我们如何在教师培训机构让老师们教授学科素养呢?
W: So far, teacher training institutions haven't done a very good job of helping subject matter teachers understand the discourse practices of their disciplines;
女:到目前为止,教师培训机构在帮助课程至上的老师懂得他们所授学科的授课实践方面做得还不是很好;
so those practices often remain implicit, untaught.
因此,那些实践经常是含蓄且未经训练的。
M: I agree with that. But have you seen any good examples?
男:我同意这一点。但你见到过正面的例子吗?
W: Sure, there are some examples of programs that do make disciplinary literacy practices explicit.
女:当然,有一些项目确实让学科素养实践变得十分明确。
The best of these programmes, in my opinion,
我认为,这些项目的最好之处在于,
are the result of literacy and disciplinary experts collaborating to determine what these practices are and then engaging students in them.
吉林快3三天走势图—官方网址22270.COM素养和学科的专家合作来决定这些实践是什么,然后让学生参与其中。
This is the end of the second interview.
第二个访谈到此结束。
Questions 6 to 10 are based on what you have just heard.
根据刚刚听到的内容,回答6至10题。
6. According to the woman, what is the biggest problem in teaching disciplinary literacy?
6.根据这位女士的说法,教授学科素养的最大问题是什么?
7. What does disciplinary literacy really mean?
7.学科素养是什么意思?
8. What would a more disciplinary assessment ask students to do?
8.一个更侧重于学科的评估让学生做什么?
9. Which is the best practice in teacher training institutions to promote disciplinary literacy teaching?
9.在教师培训机构里,促进学科素养教学的最佳实践是什么?
10. What is the purpose of the interview?
10.这个访谈的目的是什么?

重点单词   查看全部解释    
critic ['kritik]

想一想再看

n. 批评家,评论家

联想记忆
evidence ['evidəns]

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n. 根据,证据
v. 证实,证明

联想记忆
source [sɔ:s]

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n. 发源地,来源,原始资料

 
solve [sɔlv]

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v. 解决,解答

 
invitation [.invi'teiʃən]

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n. 邀请,招待,邀请函,引诱,招致

 
alternative [ɔ:l'tə:nətiv]

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adj. 两者择一的; 供选择的; 非主流的

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challenging ['tʃælindʒiŋ]

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adj. 大胆的(复杂的,有前途的,挑战的) n. 复杂

 
literary ['litərəri]

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adj. 文学的

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credible ['kredəbl]

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adj. 广东快三app免费下载—官方网址22270.COM信的,广东快三app免费下载—官方网址22270.COM靠的

联想记忆
sympathetic [.simpə'θetik]

想一想再看

adj. 同情的,共鸣的
n. 交感神经

联想记忆


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